Wednesday, 17 January 2018

NET Preparatory Classes @ Soka Ikeda College, Chennai

The PG Department of English
Soka Ikeda College, Chennai


All NET/JRF/SET Aspirants

For a


NET/SET Preparatory Classes


Dr. Benet & Team

26 to 28 January 2018



Registration Fee: Rs. 500/- [can be done in person, or by DD]

All Participants will be provided with Tea, Snacks and Lunch.

Last date for registration: 20 January 2018

For more details, contact

Prof. Sandhya Lakshmi @ 9444104824

Saturday, 6 January 2018

The Hindu Lit for Life @ Chennai

The Hindu Lit for Life


14, 15, 16 January 2018

For three days in January, every year, Chennai sees frenetic activity with writers, novelists, artists, performers and literary enthusiasts descending upon this coastal city of Tamil Nadu. The Hindu Lit for Life takes over the metropolis and its people with performances, conversations, discussions and workshops.

In 2010, The Hindu began its first-ever edition of this Literary Festival. The brainchild of Dr. Nirmala Lakshman, Director, The Hindu Group, a Festival that started as a one-day show in 2010, has burgeoned into a three-day bonanza, hosting brilliant authors and thinkers from all over the world.

The Festival has expanded its reach every year exploring fiction, non-fiction, politics, history, arts, cinema — in fact all genres that celebrate ideas. Over the course of its journey, The Hindu Lit for Life has enriched the literary space in Chennai by looking at books and beyond.

Wednesday, 3 January 2018

Tuesday, 5 December 2017

Confy @ MS University, Udaipur

Planetary Futures and the Global South
 IASA Bienniel Conference
Mohanlal Sukhadia University,Udaipur
16-18 January 2018

 In association with:
DAAD-Global South Network, University of Tuebingen
JNU-UPE-II Project “Asian Crossroads: Indic Neighbourhoods, Global Connections,”
Project on Science and Spirituality, JNU
Samvad India Foundation, New Delhi

 India has been called the “cross-roads” of the entire region of the Indian ocean oecumene, literally on the “road to everywhere.”[1] For almost every important intellectual, political, and cultural current from East to the West and from West to the East, India became the point of transition, mediation, or even fruition. This is as true of the evolution of British colonialism in Asia and Australia as it is of prior times. The question, however, is how these connections might play out in the future, but also in terms of how futures are to be imagined, designed, and executed from hereon. It is this exciting discursive terrain of future studies that this conference fouces on, with special referene to India, Australia, and the Global South.

The aim of this conference is to study some of these cross currents of Global Futures, to document available knowledge about them, explore alternative futures for Indic-Australian inter-relationships,and to create new paradigms for understanding theglobalisation of both India and Australia in this light. Our main objective, then, would be to try to explore Indic-Australian connections from colonialism to global futures and begin to explore the range of ideas and processes implicit to these processes. With this view we plan to engage with the history, politics, and cultural formations of cross-connections between India, Australia, and the Global South, including Africa and Latin America, giving primacy to oceanic and cross-continentalintellectual and cultural traffic. In addition, the conference will focus on issues such as traditional knowledge systems, spiritual and sacred practices, Indo-Australasiannationalisms, transfers of science, technology, and culture, and relations in social practices, arts, and media in the region, especially as they impact our thinking on Global Futures.

Sunday, 3 December 2017

Confy @ JNU

“India and Ireland: Colonialism, Nationalism And Modernity”
an international conference organized by
Centre for English Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University
with support from the Irish Embassy, New Delhi
Partners: UGC Special Assistance Programme,
India Habitat Centre, Sahitya Akademi,
Samvad India Foundation
7 - 10 January, 2007


In colonized countries, internationalist perspectives of “brotherhood” and “commonality of circumstance” were a regular practice. In nineteenth- and early twentieth-century discourses of nationalism, cross-cultural identifications of sodalities of the oppressed gave the particular challenges of a nationalist movement a global significance, and sometimes, an ethical basis.

As we know, such compacts and identifications across the globe allowed native intellectuals to challenge the rhetoric of humanism and liberalism which glossed colonial speech. Yet present-day theoreticians of culture and revisionist historians have shown a wariness towards un-critical parallelisms of ex-colonial countries. Such intellectual angles have questioned the frameworks which easily navigate between settler communities like Ireland and non-settler colonies like India.

However, “India and Ireland” as a framework of cultural, political, social and historical enquiry gives rise to challenging questions which further portrays the multidimensional nature of colonialist discourse, the diverse landscapes of nationalist imaginations, and the complex answers provided by native intellectuality in the face of growing modernity. Indeed, read contrapuntally, the problems of cross-colonial identifications which have been highlighted in recent criticism may only be the first step in recognizing the alternative codes of similarity which guides the Indian and the Irish postcolonial and modern subject today.

Rich in intercultural allusions, Irish and Indian discourses of identity intricately weave the Celtic and the Oriental, the European and the Eastern, sometimes seeking affiliation in precolonial and ancient history. The present conference seeks to navigate these and other areas of Indo-Irish dialogue.

Confy @ Osmania University, Hyderabad

Three-day International Conference on Commonwealth Literature
8-10 February 2018
Osmania University, Hyderabad
Concept Note

“A room without books is like a body without soul.” (Cicero)

In today’s multicultural and multi-lingual society, the focus of literary studies has drastically changed. The focus has shifted to postcolonial theory, lesbian and homosexual writing, diaspora, ethnic studies and corporate fiction. In the last three decades, writers across the globe have enriched the literary scene by dealing with contemporary themes and issues. Some of these writers are Margaret Atwood, Peter Carey, David Malouf, J.M. Coetzee, Gunter Grass, Kazuo Ishiguro, Milan Kundera, Rohinton Mistry, Toni Morrison, Ben Okri, V.S. Naipaul, Michael Ondaatje, Zadie Smith and Ngugi wa Thiong’o. Today Indian English literature has registered a remarkable growth and many of our writers like Anita Desai, Bharati Mukherjee, Amitav Ghosh, Vikram Seth, Salman Rushdie and Jhumpa Lahiri have achieved international recognition. As Indian writing in English has come of age, it is time to examine where it stands in terms of other literatures in the world, and what are the reasons of its popularity.

Comparative Approach

Some of the books published during last three decades have made indelible impact on us. We now are the citizens of the world and can no longer afford to neglect the excellence of other literatures in the world. Just as national literature is the reflection of the national history, so is the world literature a by-product of comparative literature. We are glocal—both local and global. While comparing Indian writers/ movements with overseas writers/ movements, we are mainly concerned with relationships, resemblances and differences. Such an approach will give wider dimensions to the realm of contemporary literature.

Humanities/ Social Sciences

The conference is both comparative and interdisciplinary in character. Literature is closely related to humanities and social sciences. Certain political and social movements have all-pervading influence on common people as also on literary milieu. A writer is essentially the conscience bearer and moral watchman of his people. The conference will therefore discuss, apart from literature, like Terrorism, Popular Culture, Human Rights, Feminism, in all spheres of knowledge. Papers are therefore invited from scholars in the disciplines of History, Political Science, Philosophy and Psychology, within the larger framework of the theme of the conference.

Call for Papers

•       Landmarks in Indian and World Literature 1990-2018
•       Globalism and Literature
•       Diversity, Multiculturalism
•       Local, Glocal and Global Identity

•       Feminism
•       Eco-Criticism
•       Diaspora literature
•       Minority literature
•       Subaltern Studies
•       Comparative literature
•       Special sessions on Canadian, Irish, African and Australian literatures


•       Renowned Keynote Speakers and Resource Persons
•       Plenary Lectures
•       Panel Discussions
•       Release of the Journal
•       Readings by Creative Writers
•       Book Releases/Book-Exhibition
•       Conference Dinner
•       Cultural Evening

Creative Writing Session

A number of creative writers will participate in the session. Ms. Roswitha, German writer in India, will deliver a special lecture on her recent novel.


Select Papers presented at the Conference will be brought out as a volume of essays—an ISBN publication—or as a special issue of the U.G.C.-approved bi-annual journal The Commonwealth Review. However, articles of only the subscribers will be considered for inclusion.

The aim of this International Conference is to encourage academics, scholars and practitioners representing an exciting diversity of countries, cultures and languages to meet and exchange views in a forum encouraging respectful dialogue.


The deliberations of the conference will be useful for sharpening the research tools and strategies by the teachers and research scholars. The conference will discuss multiculturalism focusing on the ideological issues of caste, gender, religion, and the social movements affecting the new literatures written in different languages and regions with a view to bringing out the multicultural diversity of the globe. It is hoped that the conference will enlighten the delegates and scholars about the nature of the new literatures, the ideological and cultural deep structures lying behind them, and the way the multiculturalism of the writers has questioned the established beliefs and systems to uphold humanism based on the values of liberty, equality, and fraternity.

The City of Hyderabad

Hyderabad, the Capital of Telangana, is a historical city—well-known for pearls. It is a seat of learning and has more than seven universities. A multicultural city, it is famous for grandeur and royalty. Places to visit include Char Minar, Salar Jung Museum, Fort and the Lake. Weather in November is pleasant. Accommodation will be provided in the OUCIP Guest House on twin-sharing basis.

Book Exhibition

There will be a Book Exhibition where members can display their publications. Members who wish to get their books released may send copies of the books preferably in advance.

What to send

A 200-word abstract should be submitted by 30 December 2017 along with the information in this order: a) author b) affiliation c) email address d) title of the abstract. Abstracts may be sent to:


Acceptance will be sent by the Academic Committee, within three days from the receipt of the abstract. Submission of registration fee and travel bookings may follow.Certificate of Participation in the International Conference will be given to all registered delegates. Convener, Academic Committee: Professor Jagdish Batra, Jindal Global University. Sonepat.

Important Dates

Abstract Submission: 20 December 2017

Registration Fee: 10 January 2018

Registration Fee

Foreign delegates

USD 300, includes accommodation for 4-5 nights, hospitality and conference kit

India delegates

Rs. 3500 per person. It includes Conference fee, accommodation, Conference kit and hospitality.
Rs. 2500 per person, not needing accommodation. It includes Conference fee, Conference kit and hospitality.

Research scholars, not employed and below 30: Local Rs. 2000;
Outstation with accommodation Rs. 3000.
Spot registration will not be possible.
Late Fee after 10 January 2018: Rs. 300

Kindly note that we are not in a position to assist with the conference travel or subsistence. Participants are requested to approach their institutions for travel grant and conference fee.
For all queries, contact:

Secretary, ISCS:
Dr. Suman      Mobile: 0-9891097657

Bonding with Ruskin @ Chennai

"Bonding With Ruskin"
as a part of the Chettinad Sarvalokaa Festival!

A living legend's words laced with music & movement - we recreate the innocence of Ruskin Bond’s stories on stage through story-telling techniques and music.

Bring your family to Rani Seethai Hall on December 8, 2017 and enjoy!

About the play:

The Play which has a feast of colour and sound, looks to recreate the innocence and irreverence of Ruskin Bond’s stories on stage. As it is with most retellings of famous writers on stage, Ruskin Bond himself plays a pivotal character in most of his stories. The greatest attribute of the stories threaded together as a play you will see, is the range of his writing – in terms of plot, landscapes, characters and genre. From his love for the quiet hills of Deoli to the haunted mansions in Dehra.

From innocent tales of unrequited love to terrible stories of violence in marriage. We as an audience journey into each story through a train - and at each stop – a different tale awaits. The play attempts to weave together a variety of musical & storytelling techniques with the text of bond providing a completely different yet honest perspective of the writer’s best stories. Bring your entire family and relive the stories of a legendary writer!

About the festival: Chettinad Sarvalokaa Performing Arts Festival is honored to bring together artistes from across different forms of Performing Arts from the fields of theatre,music and dance. The festival consisting of 4 shows will happen across 3 weeks in December 2017 and will take place in Chettinad Rani Seethai Hall.

Directed By
Dushyanth Gunashekar

Chettinad Rani Seethai Hall

Date & Time
08 December 2017

Time: 7:30 PM

Tuesday, 21 November 2017

Confy @ EFLU, Hyderabad


Department of Indian and World Literatures
International Conference on
Indian Literature as World Literature: Past, Present, Future
18 to 20 January 2018

In recent years Indian Literature in English has been generating renewed interest in its writers and writings not just among students and scholars of literature but also intellectuals and thinkers working in other areas of Humanities and Social Sciences. There has also been a huge global increase in sales of literary works produced by Indian writers living in India as well as writers of Indian origin living outside the country. This new era in Indian Writing, as we all know, was ushered in by the epic-success of Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children published in 1981. Today, interestingly, many of the works published in the 80s and 90s, especially Rushdie’s own magnum opus, Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things and Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger and others feature on the reading lists of departments of World Literature in universities across the globe.

Not very long ago, classical literatures of India produced over the last two millennia, had generated a similar interest among scholars of British India. English translations of The Rāmāyaṇa, The Mahābhārata, Pañcatantra, Kathāsaritsāgara, Jātaka Tales, Abhijñānashākuntala, Raghuvaṃśa, Mṛcchakaṭika, Svapnavāsavadattam, Harṣacarita, Pṛthvīrāj Rāso and Padmavat began to come into the public domain as early as the last quarter of the 1800s and after. The contribution of indologists and translators like Ralph Griffith, Arthur Ryder, E. B. Cowell, Charles Henry Tawney, Sir William Jones and others in the preservation and dissemination of India’s most loved classical texts across the limits and boundaries of the ancient languages is unquestionably one of the most important milestones in the journey of Indian literatures. Sadly, however, these extraordinary texts, or at least parts of them, despite their incomparable literary quality and universal appeal have rarely been featured on reading lists of World Literature departments.

The fate of literatures produced in the regional languages of India has not been very different. Most of the literature produced in Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam and a host of other languages has to a large extent remained unknown both to readers outside the language of its origin as well as to the English-speaking world simply for lack of translation across languages within India and of course, into English. Can an understanding of World Literatures ever be complete without having known the worlds of Kalidas, Kabir, Meera, Mir Taqi Mir, Mirza Ghalib, Kaifi Azmi, Gulzar, Sri Sri, Gurram Jashuva, Kuvempu, Premchand, Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, Nirala, Sumitranandan Pant, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Bhisham Sahni and O V Vijayan, to name a few?

Monday, 20 November 2017

For the Love of Reading!


If you’re an avid reader, and love taking a plunge into a book - for days and days and days in a row, - you are our kind.

As a member of Readers' Rendezvous, a watsapp group devoted exclusively to readers and to reading, you are expected to proactively participate by chipping in with snippets, thoughts and various facets from the book you’re currently reading, like doling out interesting quotes, anecdotes, vignettes etc from the book, what makes that book sell, etc. 

Finally, a small book review would do a world of good for the groupies to grab one for themselves.

You’re welcome, only if you’ve taken to reading as a fish takes to water :-) 

Do send us a message,  introducing yourself, and we shall add you asap @ 09840042856.

Dr. Rufus &
admins @ Readers' Rendezvous

PS: Adding (and removing passive, discourteous groupies) is at the sole discretion of the administrators!

Picture courtesy: mmesamuel@weebly

Friday, 17 November 2017

Last date for submission of abstracts, extended to 30 November 2017

Thursday, 16 November 2017

Lecture on Voices of Resistance @ St.Joseph's, Thrissur, Kerala

Confy on Environmental Justice at K. N. Modi University, Rajasthan

International Conference on
Environmental Justice
Culture, Resistance and Ethics
24 & 25 March 2017

Dr. K. N. Modi University
Newai, Tonk, Rajasthan, India

Concept Note

“Environmental Justice initiatives specifically attempt to redress the disproportionate incidence of environmental contamination in communities of the poor and/or communities of colour, to secure for those affected the right to live unthreatened by the risks posed by environmental degradation and contamination, and to afford equal access to natural resources that sustain life and culture.” – Joni Adamson, Mei Mei Evans & Rachel Stein, Introduction to The Environmental Justice Reader: Politics, Poetics, & Pedagogy.

Discoursing the politics of environmental justice, Gordon Walker asks two primary questions:

“Are the benefits of access to green space for all, or only for some? Do powerful voices dominate environmental decisions to the exclusion of others?” Both the questions would lead to a unanimous answer “yes” as the environment should be accessed by all people and decisions should not favour one or a few communities. There are number of environmental issues that we could identify locally and globally. If we analyse these issues we would realise that the basis of all these issues is denial of rights/access to their respective environments. Thus environmental justice is not merely an environmental problem; it is also a social, political, cultural and economic problem. To take the discussion further we might want to ask pertinent questions as: “Is it just to serve a single justice to all ecocultures, considering the peculiarities and cultural differences of cultural communities? Are some communities often deprived of their environmental rights?” These questions would initiate discussions on diversity, nature cultures, and peculiarities of every cultural community. David Schlosberg’s words―Cultural recognition is central in the struggle for environmental justice―are particularly relevant in this context.

The conference aims to recognize ecological spaces denied to cultural communities across the world and theorize them by understanding the ethics, justices and injustices involved. The conference will be a pioneering one in the academic area of Environmental Justice in India. The conference will create scholarship in all disciplines which will be a collective and collaborative effort. This discourse will encourage researchers and scholars to work in this upcoming and most relevant area and would help them launch courses and programmes.


Environmental Justice, Land, Water and Air
Environmental Justice and Food
Environmental Justice and Poverty
Environmental Justice, Energy, Development and Governance
Environmental Justice, Race, Caste, Indigeneity and Gender
Environmental Justice and Climate
Environmental Justice and Memory
Environmental Justice and Texts (literary and cultural)
Representation of Environmental Justice in Media
Politics of Environmental Justice
Policies on Environmental Justice
Ethics of Environmental Justice
Philosophy of Environment
Environmental Justice in Ecofilms/ecoart

Seminar on Transnational Narratives @ Kozhikode

The Department of English
Govt. Arts and Science College
Invites you for a
Three-Day National Seminar
‘Traversing Boundaries: Readings on Transnational Narratives’

9 to 11 January 2018

Over the last few decades there has been a surge of interdisciplinary interest in the investigation of social transformations. In recent years, a significant body of interdisciplinary literature has recognized transnationalism as an important macro phenomenon emerging in relation to the de-territorialisation of cultural, social and economic practices, which are moving away from nationally rooted apparatuses. The term transnationalism has been used not only in social anthropology to account for new forms of social interaction resulting from intensified cross-border mobility (whether related to diaspora or triggered by economic factors) but also in political theory with regard to practices of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to highlight the fact that at least one of the actors involved is a non-state entity.

Transnationalism has thus conceptually emerged as a range of complex social phenomena which interface discursively with powerful narratives of cultural ‘inbetweeness’, territorial ‘unboundedness’, and post-national politics.

Transnational narratives aim at constructing literatures emerging through supplementing and challenging the existing models of literature based on fixed notions of space and time. The objective of transnational literature is to complicate the idea of place and location as fixed, making it cross cultural which in effect creates spatial and temporal understanding as fluid and ambiguous. Transnational narratives mainly focus on New Literatures. It has given a novel shape to literary and cultural studies since the last few decades.

The Department of English, Govt. Arts and Science College, Kozhikode proposes to conduct a Three-Day National Seminar on ‘Traversing Boundaries: Readings on Transnational Narratives’ from 9th to 11th January 2018.

Confy on Folklore Studies At KIIT, Bhuvaneswar

26th -27th December 2017
KIIT University, Bhuvaneswar

The word, ‘folk’ has wide range of understanding and connotations – ranging from ‘natural’ to ‘native’ to ‘traditional’ to ‘rural’ and in some cases ‘from the heart.’ The ‘outpourings from the heart’ of native or traditional people later takes the form of folklore. folklores are oral traditions, traditional knowledge and beliefs of cultures often having no written language and they are transmitted, generally, by word of mouth. Like the written literature they contain both prose and verse narratives in addition to myths, dramas, rituals etc. All the cultures have their own folklores. In contrast and traditionally, literature is understood to mean any written work.

Literature, in written form, helps in preserving the folklores and oral traditions. But for the literature in this form, the world would have lost almost all the folk and oral traditions. Written books, as recordings of folklores help in passing on the lofty thoughts and ideas to posterity with no or very little changes in contrast to oral traditions where they often get lost in transition. Literature also can highlight the relevance of the stories of the past to the generation of the present, something which the oral traditions cannot strongly do.The existing professional literature would have us believe that the primary managerial action is that of a reflective and systematic planner. Conversations with preservation practitioners and community members led him to identify 14 reasons. These include creativity, architecture, beauty, history, sacred, learning, sustainability, and economics, However ancestors, identity (individual, civil, state, national and universal), continuity, memory, and—perhaps most significantly—community can also be included . Significantly historic preservation needs to pay more attention to "cultural significance.
Heritage tourism, as a cultural tourism segment, is “the evocation of the past and inherently about visions or understanding of the present, and a key justification for the preservation of both material cultures and traditional practices, in what they can tell contemporary communities or tourists about themselves and others. It is something of a paradox of modernity that at the same time that relentlessly seeks modern people, also hankers after something older, more authentic, or traditional.”

Incorporating folklore literature in management practices in corporate world can definitely work wonders. It is argued that all businesses must have a plan and, if for but no other reason than by default, it is the manager's responsibility to see that one is developed. Therefore myths, stories, fables etc can be considered as exemplary in our daily life as professionals, leaders in corporate world.

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Workshop on ESL Teacher Support @ MEPCO SCHLENK, Sivakasi

A Two Day Workshop
ESL Teacher Support and
Teaching Enhancement

Organised by

Department of English
 Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi (Autonomous)

in association with

Department of English
Anna University


Faculty Members from Engineering, Arts & Science Colleges and Polytechnic Colleges can attend. Selection will be made on first come first serve basis.


Demand Draft should be drawn in favour of “Mepco Schlenk Engineering College” payable at Sivakasi. Lunch, Snacks and Registration kit will be provided to all the participants.

Accommodation will be provided within the college campus on request at a nominal charge of Rs. 100/- per day.

Monday, 13 November 2017

Friday, 10 November 2017

Confy @ Jadavpur University, Kolkata

International Conference on Canadian Studies

9, 10, 11 January 2018




150 Years of “Solitude”: 
Narratives on Canada’s Conflicts and Reconciliations

The Canadian Confederation of 1867 had been instrumental in the consolidation and emergence of Canada as a nation. Today, in the year 2017, as Canada celebrates its 150 years as a nation, with pride and splendour, by organizing various cultural and academic events and distributing free entry passes to its national parks, museums, art galleries, this conference seeks to explore and interrogate the different forms of resistance- resilience, conflicts- reconciliations that have informed the myriad contours of Canada’s nation building process over the last century and half.

It also strives to look into the power politics involved in constructing the official discourse of history in Canada as a singular monolithic entity that takes cognition of only the history of the ‘founding’ nations, thereby undermining the necessity to understand the Canadian nation in terms of the multiple histories that informs the lives of its racially diverse population.

The concept of “two solitudes” that had been largely used to define Canada’s socio-political reality since the nineteenth century, predicated solely upon the equations shared by the members of its ‘founding nations’, the English and the French, is essentially exclusivist in nature, denying its indigenous and diasporic population the right to be a part of what Ben Jonson would call “the imagined community” of the nation. Even the name Canada, derived from the Spanish word acanada (“nothing here”), refutes the presence of the original inhabitants of the land prior to the establishment of the Euro-Canadian settler colony therein. While centuries of colonial battering and coercive forces of cultural assimilations have shaped the existence of Canada’s aboriginal communities, the diasporic communities were accorded a “visible minority” status and continue to face the onslaught of racial discrimination within the mainstream society. However, certain apologies offered by the Canadian government in the recent times have come as an acknowledgement of the hitherto denied disjunctions within its “multicultural mosaic”, marking the first step towards reconciliation, if not resolutions of age old conflicts. Do the present times promise the emergence of an idea of nationhood that would be more inclusive in its stance? It remains to be seen whether this attitude would finally induce Canada to abide by its promise of providing its citizens with equal rights and opportunities irrespective of their racial, ethnic and gender identities and help it to emerge as an all-inclusive multicultural nation.

The Conference invites papers that address the one hundred and fiftieth year of Canada’s independence with special reference to the ensuing conflicts and subsequent reconciliations. The abstracts may have direct bearing on one of the sub-themes mentioned below or may also address other related and relevant issues. However, interdisciplinary approaches would be preferred.

Welfare state histories
Immigration/ Migration / Diaspora
National myths
Nations and Nationhood
Memory/ Commemoration
Inclusivity/ Exclusivity
Official Multiculturalism
Indigeneity and Social Policy

Abstracts (500 words) are to be sent to by 3rd December, 2017.