Monday, 12 January 2009

Assignment on Rhetoric - Thamil Vanan, V, II BA English

Thamil Vanan, V, "writes":
Speech of Abdul Kalam and Rhetoric Analysis:

Address and interaction with the students of Delhi Public School, Dimapur, by APJ Abdul Kalam, on 27th Dec 2008. Dr Abdul Kalam started his speech with his Christmas greetings and topic for the talk is “Ignited Minds: The Power of the Nation.”

The president had chalked out his speech under different heads. The first being earth moon complex.

Earth-moon-mars Complex:

Dr.Abdul Kalam, here, observes, the scientists and engineers of ISRO made the country proud by precise guiding of the moon Impact probe (MIP) to the specific location of their choice have all been demonstrations of disciplinary and interdisciplinary skills in this high tech area and acknowledged by the world. Here, he personally witnessed, how many different types of hardware and software systems these scientists perfected in a short duration of five years for on board computers of Chandrayan. According to him, they not only completed a successful mission, but had triggered many minds to take up innovative missions of their lives to explore the earth-moon-Mars complex. The distance between earth and mars varies from 55 to 400 million kilometers depending upon their orbital positions.

His experience in Greece:

He shared his beautiful experience, when he visited Greece in April 2007. He negotiating and climbed towards Acropolis mountain top in Athens and came across a group of 150 Greek Students. At that time, he thinks about the great personalities, the land of Greece had given to the world: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Here, he brings out the words of Plato, “Our aim is founding the State was not the disproportionate happiness of any one class, but the greatest happiness of the whole.”

Then, he compared the words of Plato to Tamil poet Saint Thiruvalluvar, around the same period, that is “the important elements that constitute a nation are: being disease free; high earning capacity: high productivity; harmonious living and strong defence.” According to him, we have to provide all these elements to the citizens of every nation on an equitable basis for happiness for all.


According to Dr.Kalam, knowledge is a combination of creativity + righteousness + courage. Young students can acquire knowledge from home, good books, teachers and teaching environment.

First one is Righteousness:

“Where there is righteousness in the heart There is beauty in Character. Another component of courage which is characterized by Courage:
“Courage to think different,
Courage to invent,Courage to discover the impossible,Courage to travel into an unexplored path,Courage to combat the problems and Succeed are the unique qualities of the youth,” according to him.

Save or better someone life:-

While talking about good deeds, he was reminded of the advice given to Mahatma Gandhiji by his mother. She says, “Son, in your entire life time, if you can save or better someone’s life, your birth as a human being and your life is a success. You have the blessing of the Almighty God”. This advice has made a deep impact in the mind of Gandhiji, which made him to work for the humanity throughout his life.

Together we will win:

According to Dr.Abdul Kalam, life is more than winning for ourselves. Life is helping others win, even if it means slowing down and changing our course. Here he reveals, “I would say that, you do not have to slow down. Rather by helping difficult areas, the feed back will make you go faster. If you pass this on, we may be able to change our hearts as well as someone else’s. “A candle loses nothing by lighting another candle”.

Indomitable Spirit:-

Dr.Abdul Kalam narrates an experience which happened in Mexico, quoted from a book caleed “Everyday Greatness.”
A riot was raging in La Mesa Prison in Mexico. Twenty five hundred prisoners were packed into a compound, which had been built for only six hundred. They angrily hurled broken bottles at the police who fired back with machine guns. Then came a startling sight. A tiny five feet two inches, sixty three year old woman, calmly got into the crowd, with outstretched hands, in a simple gesture of peace. Ignoring the shower of bullets, she stood quietly and asked every one to stop. Incredibly every one did. No one else in the world, but Sister Antonia could have done this. Why did the people listen to her? All because of her decades of service to the prisoners by her choice. She sacrificed all her life for the sake of prisoners lived in the midst of murderers, thieves and drug lords all of whom she called her sons. She attended their needs round the clock, procured antibiotics, distributed eyeglasses, washed bodies for the burial and counselled the suicidal. This selfless act of love and compassion generated the respect among the prisoners to control
themselves and urged them to do what she wanted them to do. What a great message for humanity? We have seen a leader with compassion is there for even prisoners, but we need leaders with compassion for the voiceless people of millions in the world.

Youth Power:

Now, he talks about power of youth. According to him, ignited minds of the youth is the most powerful resource on the earth, above the earth and under the earth. And he convinced that the youth power, if properly directed and controlled, could bring about transformational changed in humanity for its progress, meeting its challenges and bring peace and prosperity. According to him, if we give a proper direction and manner, they can achieve anything from any part of the world.


He concludes his talk by administering an oath for the youth. “As a youth, all of you have a responsibility to work for universal harmony by ironing out all the causes of conflicts.

Oath for the youth:

1. I will have a goal and work hard to achieve that goal. I realize that small aim is a crime.
2. I will always be righteous in the heart which leads to beauty in the character; beauty in the character brings harmony in the home, harmony in the home leads to order in the nation and order in the nation leads to peace in the world.
3. I will work with integrity and succeed with integrity.
4. I will be a good citizen, a good member of my family, a good member of the society, a good member of the nation and a good member of the world.
5. I will always try to save or better someone’s life. Wherever I am, a thought will always come to my mind. That is “What can I give?”
6. I will always protect and enhance the dignity of every human life.
7. I will always remember that “Let not my winged days, be spent in vain”.
8. I will always work for Clean Green Energy and Clean planet Earth.
9. As a youth of the Globe, I will work and work with courage to achieve success in all my tasks and enjoy the success of others.

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